ARM toolchain for Windows

This guide is based on current version of WindowsWindows 10 – but apart from some visual aspects, the steps required to prepare the toolchain should be identical for all recent versions of this system.

Please note that the steps presented in this guide are not the one and only correct approach. They just happen to be simple and working, requiring minimum number of easily reproducible steps. If you are an advanced user and if you know what you are doing, then treat this article as a mere guidance and description of requirements, not as a collection of rules carved in stone.

Check bitness of your system

This step is required to determine whether you have 32-bit or 64-bit Windows and thus whether we should install 32-bit or 64-bit tools. It’s best to use tools with the same bitness as the operating system – this will give you the best performance and compatibility. However, if you have any doubts about your system, then you can always use 32-bit tools – they will work on both 32-bit and 64-bit system.

Please note that the important thing here is whether you use 32-bit or 64-bit system, not 32-bit or 64-bit machine – for a long time all manufactured CPUs are 64-bit anyway.

Open Start menu, type control panel and open the application that was found with that exact name. Now click System and Security and then System. You can see bitness of your system next to System type label.

CMake

Go to CMake‘s website and click Download. On the next page scroll down to Latest Release and select either 32-bit cmake-...-win32-x86.msi or 64-bit cmake-...-win64-x64.msi variant.

Run the downloaded installer. For most of the steps you can leave default options as they are. Just make sure to select Add CMake to the system PATH for all users (or just the current user, whichever you prefer). You may also tick Create CMake Desktop Icon. I strongly suggest to leave the default installation folder, but if you really need to change it, please try to keep it short and simple.

Ninja

Download most recent version of Ninja build system from its main website. At the bottom of the page – near Getting Ninja – there will be a download the Ninja binary link which will lead you to GitHub releases. Download ninja-win.zip Windows package from the Latest release at the top.

Open File Explorer, go to the folder with the downloaded file and double-click it – this will open its contents. At the top of the window click Extract tab to show more buttons and then click Extract all. Extract it anywhere you like, for example into C:\ninja to keep the path short and simple.

bleeding-edge-toolchain

Download most recent package with bleeding-edge-toolchain. As previously, select version which will be appropriate for your system. Extract it somewhere using 7-Zip – I would again recommend a path which is short and simple (no spaces, no unusual characters, …), for example directly on your C:\ partition. Navigate to downloaded file with File Explorer, right click it and select 7-Zip > Extract files…. In the window that will appear enter the destination path in Extract to field, make sure the checkbox below is not selected, click OK and wait until extraction process is complete.

Add tools to PATH environment variable

In order to use installed tools from command prompt or IDE, you have to add the folders with executables to PATH environment variable of your system. Open System information page (the same that was used to check bitness of your system in first chapter) and click Advanced system settings on the left. Then click Environment Variables… button at the bottom of System Properties window that will appear. It doesn’t matter much whether you modify your user’s PATH environment variable (top frame) or the system-wide PATH environment variable (bottom frame). To keep things simple, let’s stick to user’s environment variables. Select Path (or PATH) variable from the list and click Edit… button.

Editing PATH in more recent versions of Windows

New versions of Windows present the user with an advanced Edit environment variable window with multi-line editbox and nine buttons.

Click New and then Browse… to easily navigate to folder in question. Under This PC group locate the folder with prefixed executables of bleeding-edge-toolchain, which is the folder you extracted it in followed by \bin – something like C:\arm-none-eabi-gcc-...-...\bin (e.g. C:\arm-none-eabi-gcc-9.1.0-190503\bin) if you extracted the archive directly on C:\. Select this folder and click OK.

Repeat the process from previous paragraph for the folder which holds ninja.exe file (e.g. C:\ninja).

After that you should have two new entries for the edited environment variable.

Click OK and close all windows opened so far.

Editing PATH in older versions of Windows

Older versions of Windows present the user with a very simple window titled Edit User Variable or Edit System Variable. It contains just two textboxes (Variable name and Variable value) and four buttons.

Place the cursor at the end of contents of Variable value field and make sure that there’s one semicolon (;) at the end. Now type the path to prefixed executables of bleeding-edge-toolchain, which is the folder you extracted it in followed by \bin – something like C:\arm-none-eabi-gcc-...-...\bin (e.g. C:\arm-none-eabi-gcc-9.1.0-190503\bin) if you extracted the archive directly on C:\.

After another semicolon you should add the path to the folder with ninja.exe executable (e.g. C:\ninja).

Click OK and close all windows opened so far.

OpenOCD

If you don’t plan to debug your application on real hardware, you may skip this section. Otherwise download the most recent package with Windows binaries of OpenOCD and extract it somewhere, like – and now for something completely different – directly in C:\. Who would expect that…?

Java SE Runtime Environment

In order to use Eclipse IDE, you also need Java SE Runtime Environment. Download most recent offline installer for your version of WindowsWindows x86 Offline (jre-...-windows-i586.exe) for 32-bit system or Windows x64 Offline (jre-...-windows-x64.exe) for 64-bit system. Remember to select the radio button next to Accept License Agreement. After the download is complete, run the installer and follow on-screen instructions.

Eclipse

Visit Eclipse‘s website and click Download button at the top of the page. In the Tool Platforms row on the next page click Download Packages link. To download zip archive with most recent version, click 32 bit or 64 bit link in the Eclipse IDE for C/C++ Developers row and then click Download button on the next page.

Once the download is finished, extract the package somewhere – as usually, try not to get too creative with the path. You can run the software by executing eclipse.exe file from the extracted folder.

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